Introduction to the Kilinochchi District

Kilinochchi District was created as the 25th administrative district of the country in 1984 which was earlier came under the purview of the administrative district of Jaffna. This is in the Northern Province of Island, and located in the Northern part of Srilanka.The boundaries of the District are: North –Jaffna District; East and part of SouthMullaitivu District; West and part of South Mannar District.

SOILS AND GROUND WATER POTENTIALS

Red and Yellow latesol 12.04 %

Flat to slightly undulating terrain ... 29.99 %

SoladizedSolonistz of Solo chck Flat terrain.. 27.99 %

Alluvial soil of various drainage and texture.. 11.99 %

Regasoil on recent beach and duore sand flat terrain.. 17.99 %

Eroded land ... 4.06 %

LAND USE PATTERNS-KILINOCHCHI DISTRICT

TYPES OF LAND

CATEGORY

District

Total (in Ace)

in %

Urban Land

Built-Up Land Associated

70

0.1

Non-agricultural Land

580

0.5

Agricultural Land

Homesteads

13,200

10.3

Tree and other

3,080

2.4

Perennial Crops

1,460

1.1

Crop Land

27,910

21.8

16,300

12.7

700

0.5

Forest Land

Natural Forest

24,850

19.4

10,250

8.1

Forest Plantations

10

_

Range Land

Shrub Land

10,230

8

Grass Land

420

0.3

Wet Land

Forested

610

0.5

Non-Forested

5,070

4

Water Land

7,390

5.8

Barren Land

5,800

4.5

Total

127,930

100

The entire division is more or less flat and there are 07rivers in the District. There are some drainage channels and there 32118.17 Ha extent ofForest reserveand there are bushes, scrubs and graze lands.3,966.01 Ha extent of state forest in this district.The District covers divisional secretariat Karachchi;Kandawalai; Pachchilaipalli and Poonagariand there are 95 GN divisions in the district.The areas of these Divisional Secretariats are 410.96 Sq.km, 209.70 Sq.km, 167.70 Sq.km, and 448.75 Sq.km respectively.There are three Local Government Administrative Bodies i.e. KarachchiParadeshiya Sabha; PoonagariParadeshiya Sabha and PachchilaipallParadeshiya Sabha

The District falls within Dry Zone eco-climatic division of the island.  The average annual rainfall is in the region of 1520.57 m.m.  The District receives nearly 75 % of the rainfall during the North-East monsoonal period from September to December.  The remaining period of the year is dry with the driest period being June to August.  The average monthly temperature ranges from' 25' to 30'c.

During the conflict situation which prolonged nearly thirty decades  make the families to displaced from time to time places to places and the Economic sector of the district mainly agriculture sector had been badly affected the traditional agriculture lands turned as scrub lands. Before the conflict period agriculture sector is developing and production level of agriculture sector is increase. Whole of The displaced families started resettling in their places of origin with the certification of “No mine threats” in these Villages. The resettlement is going to be an important occurrence from 2009 May and it continues. The people of Kilinochchi District are40035   families with 129247members as at28.02.2013the main occupation of this District is Agriculture and then comes fishing. As far as agriculture is concerned, there are 08 major irrigation tanks and 394 minor irrigation tanks cater the needs of agriculture. Paddy cultivation is the important activity in the law land and the high land high land crops are the important agriculture activities. Which include coconut cultivation and vegetable and cereals such as green gram, black gram etc. are the main livelihood activities.

Fisheries are the second largest occupation of the people of the District. The District has two coastal belts-one of 28 miles in the East and another of 52 miles in the West.  The fishermen are engaged in deep-sea fishing and Karavalai fishing. The District has 30 fishing villages with great potentials for exploitation in the seas.  However the prevailing exercise of restriction coupled with the disturbing situation has adversely affected the fishing industry. Fresh-water fishing is resorted to in Iranamadhu Tank, Akkarayan Tank, Vannerikulam Tank,     and Kariyalainagapaduvan Tank and Piramanthanaru.

As regard to other industries Paranthan Chemical factory and the Elephant pass stolen were famous industries prior to the conflict situation. The infrastructures of chemical factory and the Elephant pass stolen were completely damaged during the period of turbulence.

Resettlement in the District, major development project in the sectors of Irrigation, Transport, Health, Education, Local Government, Housing and Development of Livelihood were taken up by the Government and other Organizations. As far as Kilinochchi District is concerned 32899 houses have been fully damaged and 8040 houses partly damaged. Out of this, 16078 houses have been newly constructed and 3120 houses have been reconstructed with the assistance of Government and PTF   intervention project. Balance of 16821 new houses to be constructed and 4920 houses to be repaired.

1.1 Objectives of Kilinochchi District Secretariat

The Kilinochchi District Secretariat’s objectives are;

  1. Maintaining an efficient and effective district administration system to identify the potentialities of the district and to plan and implement   development programmes to enhance the economy system to the district mainly the agriculture and the traditional industrial sector.
  2. Coordinate and monitor the foreign and the local funded programme and progress of the programmes in the district.
  3. Providing services to people such as resolving land issues, supply of dry ration to vulnerable families, reconstruction of houses partly and fully damaged, improving the network, supply of electricity etc.

The Divisional Secretariats too bear the responsibilities in achievingthe objectives mention above those are mandated.

1.2 Functions of Kilinochchi District Secretariat

Functions of Kilinochchi District Secretariat are follows;

  1. Acting the District representative of the Government

District Secretariat is the main department in district level. Most of Government policies and Development works are implemented through District Secretariat by Government. District Secretariat function as an agent between Government and Public.

  1. Coordinating Government Department and Institutions

There are many sectors of Government Departments and Institutions are functioning in the district.

Example:-

  1. Education
  2. Health
  3. Road
  4. Local Government
  5. Electricity Etc

The District Secretariat functions as a coordinator to other Government Department and Institutions.

  1. Implementing District Development plan and District coordinating committee
  1. 2. Conducting elections noticed by Government
  1. Conducting National and District level festivals
  2. Coordinating the registration of lands births, deaths and marriages
  3. Coordinating pension programs
  4. Coordinating Samurdi development Progammes
  5. Coordinating foreign funded projects implementing in Kilinochchi District
  6. Coordinating Non-Government Organizations works implementing in Kilinochchi District
  7. Coordinating disaster management programmes in District level.

1.3 Brief Summary of work done

In 2008 entire people of Kilinochchi District displaced and from the later part of 2009 come back for resettlement.  All Facilitates were arranged by District Secretariat. Example: Temporary shelter, Water and sanitation facilities and dray ration facilities.   After the resettlement in the District, major development project in the sectors of Irrigation, Transport, Health, Education, Local Government, Housing and Development of Livelihood were taken up by the Government and other Organizations. As far as Kilinochchi District is concerned 32899 houses have been fully damaged and 8040 houses partly damaged. Out of this, 16078 houses have been newly constructed and 3210houses have been reconstructed with the assistance of Government and PTF   intervention project. Other infrastructure facilities also provided with the coordination of relevant departments.

2.1 Value System

Kilinochchi District consist 126726 Tamils, 2476 Muslims and 45 Singhalese as at 01.02.2013 and 450 Hindu temples, 115 Churches, 4 Mosques and 1 Viagra in this District. There is proper understanding among various groups. The people follow these religions are practising the values according their religion. With the return of peace social values are coming in to existing now gradually.

Values of District Secretariat Kilinochchi are following;

  1. Transparency

As a principle, public officials, civil servants, managers and directors of companies and organisations and board trustees have a duty to act visibly, predictably and understandably to promote participation and accountability.

Simply making information available is not sufficient to achieve transparency. Large amounts of raw information in the public domain may breed opacity rather than transparency. District Secretariat is a Public service office. Therefor it should be transparency.

  1. Accountability

Accountability means ensuring that officials in public, private and voluntary sector organisations are answerable for their actions and that there is redress when duties and commitments are not met.

Accountability ensures actions and decisions taken by public officials are subject to oversight so as to guarantee that government Initiatives meet their stated objectives and respond to the needs Of the community they are meant to be benefiting, thereby contributing to better governance and poverty reduction. It will increase the performance of District Secretariat.

  1. Delegation

District secretariat consist many type of departments and branches. Delegation activities are most important activities to develop the activities of District Secretariat.

  1. Sincerity

Staffs of the District Secretariat have to be honest and sincere to the people of the people of Kilinochchi now. They are giving fullest support to the resettlement works also.

  1. Impartiality

Kilinochchi District Secretariat works among the people of this district. Because of this all of the people are getting better public service from this secretariat.

Operational Values

  1. Decentralization
  2. Resource Sharing
  3. Proactiveness
  4. Professionalism
  5. Team spirit
  6. Commitment
  7. Dedication

2.3 Vision

“Happiness to your doorstep”

2.4 Mission

“By becoming dedicated, motivated, proactive and caring staff members in order to bring happiness in every door step”

3.1  Organisation Profile and Resource

Kilinochchi District was created as the 25th administrative district of the country in 1984 which was earlier came under the purview of the administrative district of Jaffna. When the District Secretariat start Mr.N.Jeyanathan was the first Government Agent of Kilinochchi District. After that 14 Government Agents served to this District. At present Mrs.RubavathyKetheeswaran is 16thGovernment Agent of Kilinochchi District. At earliest period population was nearly 95000 at present and Kilinochchi Districtconsist 126726 Tamils, 2476 Muslims and 45 Singhalese as at 01.02.2013. The District covers divisional secretariat Karachchi;Kandawalai; Pachchilaipalli and Poonagari and there are 95 GN divisions in the district .The areas of these Divisional Secretariats are 410.96 Sq.km, 209.70 Sq.km, 167.70 Sq.km, and 448.75 Sq.km respectively.  There are three Local Government Administrative Bodies i.e. KarachchiParadeshiya Sabha; PoonagariParadeshiya Sabha and PachchilaipallParadeshiya Sabha i .

KilinochchiDistrictrict Secretariat’s Main Units and its main responsibilities are given below:-

  1. District Planning Secretariat

Implementation of “DiviNeguma” National Programme and implement Decentralized Capital Budget Programme and implement and coordinate other Development works by Government and Non-Government Organizations. Conduct District Coordination committee meeting, District Agriculture committee meeting, and District Housing committee meeting and other special meetings.

  1. District Agriculture Secretariat

Coordination of National level Development Programme implementing in Kilinochchi District by the Ministry of Agriculture, Monitoring the agricultural activities conducted by the Agricultural Department( Extension), Facilitating agricultural cultivation conducted by the farmers under the Ministry of Agriculture by providing 50% of inputs such as machineries and equipment and 100% free of charge seeds materials. , Supervising Vaddakachchi Farm’s progress and conducting the training for the farmers. And maintaining data related to the Agricultural activities and damages caused by flood and drought.

  1. Ass. Govt. agent Head quarters

Coordinate all Field officers works in District level such as Rural Development, Social Service, Sports, Culture, land, Child Probation officer, and Consoling officer and psycho social officer etc.

  1. Administration Branch

Coordinate all administration works

  1. Samurdhi

Samurdhi programme is implemented from last year in this district. Providing assistant to families who are living below poverty line is the main target to this branch. Fund and assistance are received from Dept. of Samurdhi and Samurdhi Development Authority.

  1. Accounts Branch

Main responsibilities of accounts branch of District Secretariat Kilinochchi are preparation of annual income and expenditure estimates, monitoring the financial activities of the Divisional Secretariat, Preparation of monthly account summaries and sending to the Treasury as a combined report, Presenting Summaries of Accounts to linear ministries, Preparation of appropriation and advance accounts, collecting of revenue etc.

  1. Distaste Management Centre

Disaster Management centre responsible for all disaster management and disaster risk deduction activities in the district.

  1. District Statistical Branch

Main role of this division is to collect data of the district on agriculture, industries and service sectors by census, surveys and administrative reports

  1. District Register  Office

The role of this office as follows, Administration of notaries. Registration of documents relevant to mobile and immovable Properties, Acceptance of deed second copies of the notaries, conservation and Issuing copies, Issuing extractions of land documents copies, Birth, Marriage and death registrars administration, Registration of rights and issuing title certificate, Collecting reports of birth, marriage and death bio – statistics and Providing data to the head office etc

  1. Asst. Election Commissioner Office

Coordinate when elections nominated by Government and Registration of votes under voters’ registration Act 44 of 1980 and distribution of vote of list to required public.

  1. Asst. Motor Traffic Commencer office

In order to make drivers who have a valid driving license with sound knowledge on the laws on highway traffic and driving, necessary action is taken within the district aiming to achieve the goals of the Department

  1. District Engineering  Branch

Coordinate and supervise all construction works doing by District Secretariat.

LOCATION AND AREA

Kilinochchi district is situated in the Northern Part of Sri Lanka. Geographically most of the area of the district lies on the main land. The district covers a land area of approximately 1237.11 sq.km and inland water covers an area 0f 444.30 sq.km. The Kilinochchi district has Jaffna district on its Northern border, Mullaitivu in the Eastern and Southern borders and Mannar district on its western and Southern borders.Administratively, the Districtis divided into four divisional Secretariats.  They are Karachchi, Kandawalai, Poonagari and Pachchilaipalli.

The land in Kilinochchi District could be characterized as flat with less than 10% slop. There are 4 Major,4 Medium tanks and 457 minor Tanks all over the district connected 7 revers to conserve rain water.The level are Karachchi 4m, Kadawalai 3m, Poonagari 2m and Pachchilaipalli 3m above sea level.

CLIMATE ANDRAINFALL

Theclimatically conditionsofthisDistrict aredry,humidandtropical.Theaverage annualrainfallinthisdistrictis1154mmand75 %oftherainfallreceivesduring the period  fromSeptember  to December  by  North-East monsoonperiodical wind. The remainperiodotherthanaforesaidofthe yearisdryandwarm.Because,ofthewarm temperatureexperiencesevery year from JunetoAugust,thisperiodisconsidered as dryseason.The monthlyaverage temperaturerange is 25’ to 30'c.

SOIL ANDNATURALRESOURCES

The Soil ofthe District is fertile andhavingenough mineralsforthe better growth ofany kindofcrops.

Soil Structure and Types

i.RedandYellowlatesol12.04%

ii.

Flat to slightly undulating terrain

27.96%

iii.

Solarized ofSolocheck    Flat terrain

25.96%

iv.

Alluvial soil ofvariousdrainage andtexture

11.99%

v.

Raga soil on recentbeach and dourer sand flatterrain

17.99%

vi.

Erodedland

4.06%

LAND AND USE PATTERN

Land Use survey of 1985 reveals that 35% of the district land is coming under paddy and seasonal crops. Paddy land accounts for 45% of the agriculture land. Sparsely used cropland and other crops cover 13.2% of the land and perennial crops like coconut, palmyrah, jak,mango,cachew and other frits crops cover 28% of the agriculture land. The natural forest and forest plantation covers 27.5% of the district land area.

DISTRIBUTION POPULATION

The total estimate population accommodated in this district was about 128926in 2012. Karachchi administrative division has the largest population of 69708 and the population density of this division of this division is 170 per sq.km , Kandawalaiadministrative division has the largest population of 24297 and the population density of this division of this division is 116 per sq.km, Poonagari administrative division has the largest population of 23456 and the population density of this division of this division is 52 per sq.km and Pachchilaipalli  administrative division has the largest population of 11465 and the population density of this division of this division is 68 per sq.km. The following able indicates the population distribution density in four Divisional Secretariats of the district.

OCCUPATION

Cultivation of paddy is the occupation for more than 70% of the district population. An extent 22,742 hectares was targeted for cultivation during Maha  2012/2013, but actual extent cultivated only 81.5% of the target and the acreage harvested was19,559 hectares. Fishery is the second largest occupation of the people of the district. The district has two coastal belts, one of 28 miles in the east, and another of 52 miles in the west. The fishermen are engaged in deep – sea fishing and coastal fishing.

There are five fisheries division to manage the fisheries resources of the district. They are Nachchikuda, Poonagari, Paranthan, Kandawalai and Pachchilaipalli . There are 28 fishing villages and 39 fishing centers. At about 3432 fishermen are directly involved in marine fisheries, among them 3383 are active fishermen.Four major and four medium tanks are the perennial sources for fresh water fishing. 370 fishermen are engaged in fresh water fishing.

Livestock farming is the third important occupation of the people, largely integrated with crop husbandry. The farmers with the main intention of improving family income are raising livestock; in addition to meet their domestic nutritional requirements of milk, meat and eggs as well as for farm power. Livestock farming in the district forms an integral part of traditional mixed farming system where animal draught power and stock residues are fully utilized for crop production.

ECONOMY

Cultivation of paddy, other food crops and vegetables is the main economic activity in the district. There are eight major / medium tanks in the district. There are four major and 4 medium tanks in the district that provide irrigation facilities for paddy cultivation. The district has about 457minor tanks of which only 374 are in working condition. In addition, nearly 11464 wells are in use. The minor tanks and wells supply water through lift irrigation for subsidiary food crops and vegetable cultivation during the Yala season. During the import controlled, closed economic policy regime period, the district agriculture sector including livestock sector thrived lavishly. Fishing is the second important economic activity of the people. The district has two coastal belts; ne of 28 miles length in the east and another of 52 miles in the west. Fishermen are engaged in deep-sea fishing and coastal fishing. There are 28 fishing villages and 39 fishing centers. Livestock farming is the third main economic activity of the people, largely integrated with crop cultivation. The famers are raising livestock with the main intention of improving family income, in addition to meet their house hold dietary requirement of milk, meat, eggs as well as their farm power.

EMPLOYMENT

Recent data economically active population is not available. However, it is estimated that approximately 70% of the population is involved in agriculture activities, which include marine as well as inland fisheries, livestock faming and forestry. The service sector has not developed fast enough to absorb educated unemployed youths. There is seasonal unemployment and under employment prevail among marginal farming and fishermen communities in the district.

ENVIRONMENT

It has been pointed out that nearly 75% of the land in the district is under forest cover while the marginal lands accounts for 60% of the total area. The protracted conflict for nearly two decades paved the way for destruction of valuable timber in the forest. It has resulted with shrinkage of forest cover. During seventies and early eighties, a large number of tube ells and open dug wells have established. Over extraction of underground water without sufficient recharge would be environment hazard. Rehabilitation and de-silting of minor tanks would facilitate percolation of rainwater into the ground.

INDUSTRY

The major industries that existed during the pre – conflict period, Paranthan, Paranthan Chemicals and the saltern have been fully destroyed and abandoned. After the signing of CFA & MOU few services oriented small scale industries are in operation. There are 94 Rice mills functioning in this district. Most of the affected industries are unable to rehabilitate due to lack of capital. Neither compensation nor soft loan facilities are granted so far.